Saturday, February 8, 2020
Education management - Thesis Example This mobility is something special as it is confined to a single country. It has some similarities with international mobility because Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region administered under separate set of different from the mainland China. Administrative and education pattern in Hong Kong differs much from that obtaining in mainland China, and also with other parts of the world. Education in Hong Kong is the stepping stone for further education at the international levels also. The segment of education in Hong Kong is affected with student flow from mainland China and also from international quarters, with globalization and neo-liberalism. Discussion is also made in this article about the forces that have impacted and continue to impact the education system in Hong Kong. What are the characteristics that attract the students to pursue their studies in Hong Kong and encourage parents from mainland China to get their children admitted to schools in Hong Kong right from the ki ndergarten levels? Want are their special problems and how the administration is grappling to control the situation? The paper concludes by indicating the significance of management of education of students of mainland China and Hong Kong. Two diametrically opposed political philosophies are working with a purpose to hammer out a common educational policy but it is futile to expect that Hong Kong will give up the upper hand in the field of education. The authorities at mainland China will not mind it, because Hong Kong is an integral part of the PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Republic of China. Hong Kong has been a Special Administrative Regions (SAR)of the PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Republic of China (PRC) since their sovereign reversion to PRC from the United Kingdom within the structure of Ã¢â¬Å"one country, two systemsÃ¢â¬ in 1997. On the education administration of any country the political system has the direct bearing. At the official ideological level, the mainland China
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Descartes Hume Essay Rene Descartes was a rationalist, meaning he thought that reason alone, not sensation or experience, was the source to attaining knowledge about the eternal truths of the universe, such as mathematics, epistemology, metaphysics and the existence of God. He excluded physics from this list, admitting that knowledge of physics only comes through experience (Descartes). Regardless, his rationalistic epistemology made it so that Descartes could only accept the truth about something if it was based upon a principle that was clearly and distinctly certain. Innate, a priori knowledge is fundamental to Descartes philosophy. A priori refers to any knowledge that is attained without appealing to sensation (OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor, Class Notes). Being a rationalist, he completely doubted every sensory experience he had ever had. Sensation is ever-changing and sometimes misleads or deceives us, so according to Descartes, trusting in an experience of sensation to provide us with any kind of universal truth would be foolish (Descartes). Whereas rationalism directly focuses on reason as being the only way to attain knowledge about the world, empiricism concentrates fully on all knowledge being a posteriori, or attained through experience and sensation. In an obvious way, David HumeÃ¢â¬â¢s empiricist epistemology directly contrasted Descartes rationalism, specifically by how he believed humans can attain knowledge. According to Hume, humans understand the world by experiencing different perceptions: impressions/sensations and ideas/thoughts. The amount of force and vivacity of the perception allows humans to differentiate between the two. Impressions and sensations are more forceful and lively since they are a product of direct experience. Ideas and thoughts are simply weak recreations of the original impressions that were perceived. While Descartes believes that certain ideas are innate, such as the existence of God, Hume absolutely denies the possibility of innate ideas. He claims that humans could never fully know or comprehend anything beyond our impressions. If an impression is not perceived, then it cannot be acknowledged. Since our knowledge is limited to the impressions we perceive, we have no real way of comprehending causality, instead it is often confused with correlation. Cause and effect events tend to occur in close temporal order, but that does not mean we can know whether those events are intrinsically related or not. Instead, we can only place our faith in the customs and habits of human life. Oppositely, Descartes believed we gain knowledge a priori, and we can only know that which we have clear and distinct justification for. In order to justify what we know, we cannot appeal to anything except for reason. Lastly, we must judge those justified ideas by applying DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ specific and logical method of reflection. Thusly, by accepting DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ method, the universal and eternal truths of the world can be known.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
The Negative Portrayal of Mothers in Disney Films Why is it that in Disney created films, the motherly figures and role models are completely diminished whereas the fatherly roles are extravagant? Why does mainly a woman play the role of the vilan? If you notice, you will find that in just about every classic Disney film, the mother is portrayed in a horrible and questionable fashion. But, there is always a fatherly or male figure that everyone boasts about. First, let us start with the films where the main character fails to have a mother mentioned or seen at all: The classic movie of Aladdin; neither Aladdin nor Princess Jasmine had a motherly figure. But, Aladdin did have the Genie, who was male, and Jasmine had her father, who was also male. Beauty and the Beast is another Disney film where there is a male figure and yet again, the loss of a female role model. Belle is raised by only her father, and there is no word about where her mother is or what happened to her. Another favorite of the Disney Classic films is that of The Little Mermaid. In this film, Ariel is raised by her extremely dominant father, and all of her friends are male. So, whatever did happen to her mother, and did she ever know her? Pinnocchio is another great film, yet he gains a new father but never a new mother. He is raised by Gepeto, the craftsman, and is then adopted by Gepeto.
Monday, January 13, 2020
Is a science fiction novel by American writer Philip K. Dick first published in 1968. The main plot follows Rick Deckard, a bounty hunter of androids, while the secondary plot follows John Isidore, a man of sub-normal intelligence who befriends some of the androids. The novel is set in a post-apocalyptic near future, where the Earth and its populations have been damaged greatly by Nuclear War during World War Terminus. Most types of animals are endangered or extinct due to extreme radiation poisoning from the war. To own an animal is a sign of status, but what is emphasized more is the empathic emotions humans experience towards an animal. Deckard is faced with Ã¢â¬Å"retiringÃ¢â¬ six escaped Nexus-6 model androids, the latest and most advanced model. Because of this task, the novel explores the issue of what it is to be human. Unlike humans, the androids possess no empathic sense. In essence, Deckard probes the existence of defining qualities that separate humans from androids. The book's plot served as the primary basis for the 1982 film Blade Runner. Setting Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? takes place in 1992 (2021 in later editions), years after the radioactive fallout of World War Terminus destroyed most of Earth. The U. N. ncourages emigration to off-world colonies, in hope of preserving the human race from the terminal effects of the fallout. One emigration incentive is giving each emigrant an Ã¢â¬Å"andyÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â a servant android. The remaining populace live in cluttered, decaying cities wherein radiation poisoning sickens them and damages their genes. Animals are rare and people are expected to keep them and help preserve them. But many people turn towards the much cheaper synthetic, or electric, animals to keep up the pretense. Rick Deckard owned a sheep, but it died of tetanus, and he replaced it with a synthetic sheep. The main Earth religion is Mercerism, in which Empathy Boxes link simultaneous users into a collective consciousness based on the suffering of Wilbur Mercer, largely an endless walk up a mountain in which stones are thrown at Mercer, the pain of which the users share. The television appearances of Buster Friendly and his Friendly Friends, broadcast twenty-three hours a day, represent a second religion, designed to undermine Mercerism and allow androids to partake in a kind of consumerist spirituality. It is revealed that neither Mercer nor Friendly are actual humans despite popular belief. edit]Androids Androids are used only in the Martian colonies, yet many escape to Earth, fleeing the psychological isolation and chattel slavery. Although made of biological materials and physically all but indistinguishable from humans, they are considered to be pieces of machinery. Police bounty hunters, such as Rick Deckard, hunt and retire (kill) fugitive androids passing for human. Often, Deckard's police department will collect and analyze the corpses of suspected Ã¢â¬Å"andysÃ¢â¬ to confirm that they are, in fact, artificial. Earlier androids were easier to detect because of their limited intelligence. As android technology improved, bounty hunters had to apply an empathy test Ã¢â¬â the Voigt-Kampff Ã¢â¬â to distinguish humans from androids, by measuring empathetic responses, or lack thereof, from questions designed to evoke an emotional response, often including animal subjects and themes. Because androids are not sympathetic, their responses are either absent or feigned, and measurably slower than a human's. The simpler Bonelli Test, used by another police department in San Francisco, measures the reflex-arc velocity in the spinal column's upper ganglia, but is very painful to the subject, as well as the results taking longer to produce. Plot summary The novel follows bounty hunter Rick Deckard through one day of his life, as he tracks down renegade androids who have assumed human identities. The novel begins with Deckard feeling alienated from his wife who, he feels, is misusing her mood organ by choosing inappropriate moods, like depression. Deckard meets Rachel Rosen when travelling to Rosen Industries to test the validity of an empathy test on the new android type: the Nexus 6. Rachael is an attractive female android Deckard initially believes to be human. Rachael believes herself to be human as she has memories implanted from the niece of her manufacturer. She attempts to turn Deckard away from bounty hunting. Deckard becomes confused about humanity, morality and empathy. He is arrested after attempting to retire the second android and taken to what appears to be a fully functional and publicly accessible police stationÃ¢â¬âbut it is not a police station Deckard knows about. Deckard escapes with fellow bounty hunter Phil Resch after deducing that the station is staffed by androids. His moral quandary deepens after working briefly with Phil Resch, who Deckard learns is a particularly callous fellow bounty hunter. Deckard's story is interwoven with that of J. R. Isidore, a driver for an animal repair shop who cannot qualify to leave Earth due to his low IQ. Isidore lives alone in a nearly entirely empty apartment building with little outside contact other than his Empathy Box. Pris Stratton, an android identical in appearance to Rachel, moves into the building and the lonely Isidore attempts to befriend her. Pris and her friends get Isidore to help them trap Deckard as he comes to retire them. Once Deckard realizes the size of the challenge ahead, he enlists Rachel to help him, and they proceed to have sex. By Deckard's having sex with her, Rachel hoped to stop him from bounty hunting, but he will not and drops her off. Deckard nevertheless succeeds in killing the androids, causing Isidore to break down from the loss of his only friends, and earning him a citation for the record number of kills in one day. He returns home and his wife reports having seen Rachael Rosen kill his real pet goat. He understands that Rachael was taking revenge and is thankful that the loss is only financial; the android could instead have killed his wife. He travels to an isolated desert to meditate and has an epiphany. He also finds a toad, thought to be extinct and considered to be Mercer's favorite animal. Deckard brings it home, where his wife discovers that the toad is in fact synthetic. Deckard is not glad but Ã¢â¬Å"prefersÃ¢â¬ to know the toad is artificial.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
DECLARATION OF OWN WORK PRODUCED. I, the undersigned, hereby declare that this is my own and personal work, except where the work(s) or publications of other have been acknowledged by means of referencing techniques. I have read and understood the Tutorial Letter CMNALLE/301 regarding technical and presentation requirements, referencing techniques and plagiarism. STUDENT SIGNATURE OR NAME: Leslie Eric Nunu STUDENT NUMBER: 49676288 DATE: 28 / 01 / 2015 WITNESS SIGNATURE OR NAME: Maxine Bianca Nunu TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION (3) 1. WHAT IS AN INFORMATION SOCIETY? (4) 2. WRITE A PARAGRAPH IN WHICH YOU ARGUE OR ADVOCATE FOR OR AGAINST THE EXISTENCE ON AN INFORMATION SOCIETY. (5) 3. FRANKÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The author also adds further that these information intense activities in an information society has also resulted or lead to Ã¢â¬Å"a labour market with a majority of functions largely or completely based on tasks of information processing requiring knowledge and higher educationÃ¢â¬ and also a culture whereby it is dominated by the media and the information products including their signs, symbols and meanings. Meanwhile, an information society is described by Servaes and Carpentier (2006: 5) as a society that is still being put in place and is mainly characterized by the general use of low-cost information, data storage and transmission technologies. As the authors note further that the Ã¢â¬Å"generalization of information and data use is being accompanied by organizational, commercial, social and legal innovationsÃ¢â¬ , which are the catalysts for change of life in an information society Ã¢â¬Å"in the world of work and in society generally.Ã¢â¬ Kotze and de Beer (2014:30) state that an information society is a society whereby through the exploitation of Information and Communications Technology (ICT), it is able to live, work and play and ultimately transform itself. Browne (1998: 2), quoted by Kotze
Saturday, December 28, 2019
From Brooklyn, New York, Lena Horne was raised by her mother, an actress, and then by her paternal grandmother, Cora Calhoun Horne, who took Lena to the NAACP, the Urban League and the Ethical Culture Society, all centers in that time of activism. Cora Calhoun Horne sent Lena to the Ethical Culture school in New York. Ã Lena Hornes father, Teddy Horne, was a gambler who left his wife and daughter. Cora Calhoun Hornes roots were in the family Lena Hornes daughter, Gail Lumet Buckley, has chronicled in her book The Black Calhouns. These well-educated bourgeois African Americans were descended from a nephew of secessionist vice president John C. Calhoun. Ã (Buckley also chronicles the familys history in her 1986 book,Ã The Hornes.) At age 16 Lena began working at Harlems Cotton Club, first as a dancer, then in the chorus and later as a solo singer. She began singing with orchestras, and, while singing with Charlie Barnets (white) orchestra, she was discovered. From there she began playing clubs in Greenwich Village and then performed at Carnegie Hall. Beginning in 1942 Lena Horne appeared in films, broadening her career to include movies, Broadway and recordings. She was honored with many awards for her lifetime of success. In Hollywood, her contract was with MGM studios. She was included in films as a singer and dancer, and was featured for her beauty. Ã But her roles were limited by the studios decision to have her parts edited out when the films were shown in the segregated South.Ã Her stardom was rooted in two 1943 musical films,Ã Stormy WeatherÃ andÃ Cabin in the Sky.Ã She continued to appear in roles as a singer and dancer through the 1940s. Ã Lena Hornes signature song, from theÃ 1943 film of the same name, is Stormy Weather. She sings it twice in the film. The first time, its presented with an earthiness and innocence. Ã At the end, its a song about loss and despair. During World War II she toured first with the USO; she quickly grew weary of the racism she faced and began touring black camps only. She was a favorite of African American soldiers. Lena Horne was married to Louis J. Jones from 1937 until they divorced in 1944. They had two children, Gail and Edwin. Later she was married to Lennie Hayton from 1947 to his death in 1971, though separated after the early 1960s. Ã When she first married him, a white Jewish music director, they kept the marriage secret for three years. In the 1950s, her association with Paul Robeson led to her being denounced as a communist. She spent time in Europe where she was received well. Ã By 1963, she was able to meet with Robert F. Kennedy, at the request of James Baldwin, to discuss racial issues. She was part of the 1963 March on Washington. Lena Horne published her memoirs in 1950 as In Person and in 1965 as Lena. In the 1960s, Lena Horne recorded music, sang in nightclubs, and appeared on television. In the 1970s she continued to sing and appeared in the 1978 filmÃ The Wiz, an African American version ofÃ The Wizard of Oz. In the early 1980s, she toured in the United States and London. After the mid-1990s she rarely appeared, and she died in 2010. Filmography 1938 - The Duke Is Tops1940 - Harlem On Parade1941 - Panama Hattie1942 - G.I. Jubilee1943 - Cabin In The Sky1943 - Stormy Weather1943 - The Duke Is Tops1945 - Harlem Hot Shots1944 - Boogie Woogie Dream1944 - Hi-De-Ho Holiday1944 - My New Gown1946 - Jivin The Blues1946 - Mantan Messes Up1946 - Till the Clouds Roll By1950 - Duchess of Idaho1956 - Meet Me in Las Vegas1969 - Death of a Gunfighter1978 - The Wiz!1994 - Thats Entertainment III1994 - An Evening with Lena Horne Fast FactsÃ Known for:Ã both being limited by and transcending racial boundaries in the entertainment industry. Stormy Weather was her signature song. Occupation:Ã singer, actressDates:Ã June 30, 1917 - May 9, 2010 Also known as: Lena Mary Calhoun Horne Places:Ã New York, Harlem, United States Honorary degrees:Ã Howard University, Spelman College
Friday, December 20, 2019
ARGUMENTS IN SUPPORT OF THE EXCLUSIONARY RULE Among the arguments in support of the exclusionary rule4 by its proponents are the following: 1. It deters violations of constitutional rights by police and prosecutors. A number of studies and testimonies by police officers support this contention. 2. It manifests societyÃ¢â¬â¢s refusal to convict lawbreakers by relying on official lawlessnessÃ¢â¬âa clear demonstration of our commitment to the rule of law that states that no person, not even a law enforcement official, is above the law. 3. It results in the freeing of the guilty in a relatively small proportion of cases. A 1978 study by the General Accounting Office found that, of 2,804 cases in which defendants were likely to file a motion toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Among the proposals are the following: _ An independent review board in the executive branch. This proposal envisions a review board composed of nonpolice personnel to review allegations of violations of constitutional rights by the police. The problem with this alternative is that police oppose it because it singles them out among public officials for differential treatment. Moreover, outsiders are viewed by the police as unlikely to be able to understand the difficulties and dangers inherent in police work. _ A civil tort action against the government. This would mean filing an action seeking damages from the government for acts of its officers. It poses real difficulty for the plaintiff, who would have to shoulder the financial cost of the litigation. Most defendants do not have the resources to finance a civil case, particularly after a criminal trial. Low damages awards against police officers usually discourage the filing of civil tort actions except in egregious cases. _ A hearing separate from the main criminal trial but before the same judge or jury. The purpose of the hearing is to determine if, in fact, the officer behaved illegally in obtaining the evidence used during the trial and, if so, to impose the necessary sanctions on the officer. Although this is the least expensive and most expedient alternative, its effectiveness is questionable. If the violation is slight, theShow MoreRelatedPros And Cons Of The Exclusionary Rule1017 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe one that we will be d iscussing in this paper is the exclusionary rule. It is the introduction of a good evidence, that it is obtained by a bad law enforcement, is most common in the United State than other countries legal system. To put it in other words, the exclusionary rule is controversial. Therefore, many experts say that it sets criminals free on minor points. In this paper, I will speak about the pros and cons of the exclusionary rule, how it is effecting the criminal justice system of theRead MoreExclusionary Rule Pros and Cons1951 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe reason we have rules in life are simple, to keep order when there is chaos and to guide our behavior in a way that is acceptable by societyÃ¢â¬â¢s standards. The reason we have laws and procedures to carry out those laws are simple as well, to keep the government from infringing on its citizenÃ¢â¬â¢s constitutional rights. If the government was to rid itself of the exclusionary rule, then it has the potential to be infringing on its citiz ens rights. The government could essentially walk into anyone whoRead MoreThe Evolution of the Exclusionary Rule1733 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The Evolution of the Exclusionary Rule A Historical Analysis And How It Stand Today April Herald Criminal Justice Abstract From historical analysis, this work highlights key cases that have influenced the evolution of the Exclusionary rule and where it stands today. The purpose of this paper is to inform people of the importance of our constitutional rights, especially the fourth amendment when concerning a criminal prosecution. The exclusionary rule is set in place to ensure justiceRead MorePacker s Model Of The Criminal Process3125 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesenforcement agencies possess should be limited to prevent official oppression of the individual. The constitutional rights of the defendant being tried aren t just measly technicalities and the criminal justice authorities should be held accountable to rules, procedures, and guidelines to ensure equality and regularity in the justice process. The criminal justice process should act as its own checks and balances system, which would consist of a series of impediments that act as procedural safeguards whichRead MoreMinimum Tolerance Policies : Zero Tol erance, Zero Education1879 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesbecause the quote says that there is a direct correlation of students suspended are often funneled into the criminal system. Some pros of zero tolerance policies are that suspending and expelling bad children is that because bad children break rules it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t matter what rule was broken or why just that there Ã¢â¬Å"should [be] some type of consequenceÃ¢â¬ (Morin, The Pros and Cons of Zero Tolerance Policies). Which that would be relevant and would work if the things students did were extremely bad like bringingRead MoreSearch and Seizure Essay2432 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesa crime has been or is being committed with probable cause a warrantless search may be conducted. Another important part to the fourth amendment is the exclusionary rule. This rule makes it clear that any evidence seized during an illegal search or violation of the fourth amendment not admissible during a criminal trial. The main goal of this rule was to deter police officers from violating suspects constitutional rights. The forth amendment grew from the experience of the colonials dealingRead MoreUse and Application of the Zero Tolerance Policy in American Schools1773 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesto mandate the application of pre-determined consequences of violation of stated rules. These rules may pertain to a number of issues; drugs, bullying, theft, and corporal punishment. This report will review and explore the various uses of the zero tolerance plan and its applications throughout schools in American society. There will be a study on the effectiveness of zero tolerance, an outline of the pros and cons of its usage, an evaluation of a case scenario as it pertains to the utilizationRead MoreDiversity Management1945 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesothers to bring up those subjects, even in the form of complaints. The more open and authentic the dialogues that take place, the easier it becomes to promote change. Search for behaviors of exclusion. Whether exhibited by yourself or others, many exclusionary behaviors are unintentionalÃ¢â¬âor even wellintentioned, such as assuming a working mother would refuse a weekend travel assignment. Constantly seek out and eliminate such behaviors. Create an environment of advantages. Small, unintentional inequalitiesRead MoreDiversity Management1955 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesothers to bring up those subjects, even in the form of complaints. The more open and authentic the dialogues that take place, the easier it becomes to promote change. Search for behaviors of exclusion. Whether exhibited by yourself or others, many exclusionary behaviors are unintentionalÃ¢â¬âor even wellintentioned, such as assuming a working mother would refuse a weekend travel assignment. Constantly seek out and eliminate such behaviors. Create an environment of advantages. Small, unintentional inequalitiesRead MoreStudy Guide5838 Words Ã |Ã 24 Pagesthe Declaration of Independence and the Constitution? John Locke The writings of John Locke, a British philosopher of the Enlightenment period, had a profound influence on the Founding Fathers. What was the colonistsÃ¢â¬â¢ primary complaint about the rule of the British Crown? The American colonistsÃ¢â¬â¢ primary complaint was that they were subject to heavy taxes from the British Crown. Which of the following was a component of the Coercive Acts? Establishment of martial law, the requirement for the